Annotation 1: Davies, L. (2009), “Accused fraudster swaps designer life for prison green”, The Daily Telegraph, 19 December, available at:

This article explore the theoretical and empirical effects that leads to crime and delinquency. Rahina Subramaniam, a suburban wife with a high alleged taste for rich life has left her accused of nation’s one of the biggest done fraud ever. The 40 year old lady has commited a crime to just fullfil his selfish desires. There are many thoughts arises that how she was involved in doing fraud. Well, to get the simple answer one could understand the strain’s theory. Many factors lead one person to commit crime and delinquency like fear, anger, insecurity, and failure. The origin of these factors is mainly our surrounding. If a person reside in a positive helpful surrounding then his behavior and natural will be automatically positive. If residing in a criminal or negative environment then his behavior will be accordingly to that environment. That’s why environment is a crucial factor for a person behavioural responsiveness.

This article will further explore and emphasize my views that the negative stimuli and responses and as well as the surrounding effect is one of the possible reasons that force a person to do evil and misconduct. Strain’s theory helps to understand how these factors affect a person or a youngster. These factors force them to contribute to the criminology side and later it leads the results the society to suffer. As likewise the lady Rahina Subramaniam did. She was reinforceed for all the significant labeling effects of the crime and delinquency justice system. It is attributed to the strain theory of crime and delinquency and helps us to understand how to divert people to set aside the adverse effects and always be positive in their life.

Annotation 2: R Agnew. (1992), “Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency”,Willey Online Library, available at:

This article will further describes the social construction of crime and delinquency and finds the ways of using this framework to understand the criminology efficiently and effectively. R Agnew (1992) claims that certain strains or stressors lead to the negative emotions which later results in crime and delinquency. Doing Crime is one of the possible negative response of especially when people lack the simple ability to cope in with any matter in a legal manner. In addition to this, the inability to achieve common successful goals also leads a person to the side of crime and delinquency. Agnew’s Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency focus on a much more comprehensive range of strains and all factors that influence the likelihood of criminal coping. Strain’s approach is distinguished from social learning and social control theory. This theory specifies the types of pressures that most likely lead one person to do crime and delinquency.

According to Strain’s theory adolescents are exposed to harmful stimuli may directly cope up with the resultant strain through some illegal mechanisms. In other words, those who are victims of bullying and identifying abusive relationships with the peers as a strain may lead to negative emotions like fear, anger, depression and as well as frustration. It later creates more offensive behaviors in them and leads them to crime and delinquency. This article is useful for the final essay and is also essential as it will directly from the basis of my argument that crime and delinquency have contributed to the Australian criminal system and will also help to understand the particular crimes done by people.

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